Blockweave

Blockweave is a protocol for storing data that is based on the architecture of blockchain.


What Is Blockweave?

Blockweave is a data storage protocol that builds upon blockchain architecture. It utilizes a unique interconnected structure linking each block to the previous block and a random older block. This creates a web-like pattern, unlike the linear chaining in traditional blockchains. Blockweave also uses an innovative consensus mechanism called proof of access rather than proof of work. 

With proof of access, miners must store historical blocks and be able to quickly retrieve and reference these to validate new blocks. This differs from proof of work where miners compete to solve computational puzzles.

How Does Blockweave’s Architecture Interconnect Blocks?

Blockweave connects blocks in a weave-like pattern by having each new block reference the previous block and a random older block. This differs from the linear sequential chaining of blocks in a traditional blockchain. The dual references strengthen connections and create redundancy. Think of upgrading from a single dirt road to a complex network of crisscrossing streets. The interwoven structure of Blockweave allows for more integrity across the system and improved traceability and security. If a block is compromised, adjacent connections keep the overall data intact.

What Is Proof of Access? 

As Blockweave verifies blocks through proof of access, miners must store portions of historical blocks and quickly retrieve these random older blocks to validate new blocks. 

Proof of access promotes availability since miners are incentivized to store as much unique historical data as possible to maximize their chances of querying the right blocks. This avoids wasted computational work and redirects resources to useful data storage and retrieval tasks that strengthen the network.

How Does Interconnection and Proof of Access Improve Availability?

The interconnected structure and proof of access incentivize miners to store as much data as possible to maximize mining success. This availability and redundancy are vital for quick access and disaster recovery. Blockweave’s interconnected architecture gives highly resilient data storage. 

In essence, proof of access flips blockchain incentives from purely computational to informational. The more historical blocks a miner can access, the better their odds at mining. This drives broader decentralization of data across nodes. And the web-like interconnectivity creates multiple pathways for finding blocks, preventing single points of failure.

If one node goes down, there are connections to source the data from other nodes. This built-in resilience contrasts sharply with traditional blockchains where compromised nodes can cripple availability.

How Do Blockshadows Enable Blockweave’s Scalability? 

Blockweave uses blockshadows to distribute block data across the network. Blockshadows contain instructions to rebuild blocks when needed. By only passing blockshadows, Blockweave achieves much higher throughput compared to blockchains passing full blocks around.
This boosts scalability to thousands of transactions per second. Blockshadows allow the overhead of block distribution to stay minimal even as the amount of data stored grows exponentially. This structural efficiency prevents Blockweave from congestion.

Blockshadows essentially decouple consensus from data propagation. Consensus only requires passing the small blockshadows, while data propagates through the optimized Wildfire protocol. This lightens the load for consensus substantially.

How Does Blockweave Achieve Cost-Efficient Storage?

Blockweave reduces costs in two key ways. First, the proof of access consensus mechanism greatly reduces the computational overhead for miners versus proof of work. Less wasted computation means lower operating costs to run nodes. 

Second, the fees to store data on Blockweave decrease over time as more blocks get added. Together, these structural advantages enable extremely low-cost permanent data storage.

How Does Blockweave Contrast Technically With Other Blockchains?

While pioneering, Blockweave still involves trade-offs like reduced decentralization for scalability. However, its technical innovations around block architecture, consensus method, and incentive design open up possibilities for large-scale decentralized data storage that legacy blockchains cannot match.